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pya po a apaep.

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ao eoee c pyo po 0 eeec aoe ca, aaeoc, caocoeoc, oaa, y eco o. epe "oce" o py ooe eeycpeeoc, aopcoc oaa po pae co caocopae. ep ce. o opoo, ae ac c a ec e o.

e po py 0, oee oe o ococy aoe aceco. aop, oope ea ac opo, oo apa epe, e e, o a a paypo.

ooo, yaceoa ae aeeoc a yce aeca epa, oope coce 0-, pea py opoe, aopo, co, yepeoc o.

pee oa ea - pecae "ocee" po py . epo eo pae apaepy opeeeoc, ypaoeeoc eoca o p e yyee. oa e oya, o ea epaec coe. acoo e epe, opoo a o oo, ee pcoa ao ye ce oaa po py 0. , aepoe, aee, o eaa apoe poa "eoo peeo", o a epoc oa e peca ey pea.

eoc, ecopoccoc, paa c pyaoc, oope apaep epo, o, oeo, e po (o pae epe yo). o e e yacae e ye, o po eo o py e, apep, pae aee ao. a ea a aoe ? o a opae cpeao a poa.

oop o e pca, e e co oaoo apea, poa aepca pea - y eo a po py 0. o e y eo peea aa opaea - o o ca ae e copeeoc, oop e oc pcoa.

paco opoe ae II po py 0, a y ee ca apa, pa coo. a eeepec oe, o ce pecaee pae c 1901 oa opco ac aceo cpeac apye cepaeoc po. oe ooo, o a ee ey c c pyo po 0 (I).

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c pyo po o caoo aaa pcocaac poa a eppop c coo ooc acee cpecca, pcy opoco , c oo copo, aaoc , oee cooo ("ce"), o, c pyo copo, oee oao pa co. opaa e, oope o pc c peoa epeoeoo apoo opye, eeo paac coeopae ooece ocoeoc ep apaepa.

epoo, ca a aeco eoea, ocaeoo ae yco, ec cocooc oece, a y. oa "oce" po py oe aypa, op, cpo, opo, cpoa, aooocy ae coo. eco e oe cyecoa, ec ocycye yaeoe ooee eo eo py pyy yo coceoc. o (yac apo) oo yac ycy ce eycpoe o coe e.

ae "oce" po -a o po y ceay, poc aooc, cpac oc, a ae oaa o ye p cpea c poea, oop aao ycoec . ao ce aeca cyo o pecao cyecoa paac opeee paa yp eoopo cce. o, ooo, pa oo, o c pyo po ae ceo co oee ec aoc, oee yo "ya" cpyypa.

oe oaac, o - oo pcocoe ypo, ooo apeo epa, oopy co eo oco "oce" po py 0. o e yepa, yo o e oy caoc epa, ec co oepa p copee pyooee. oa a ca ep, o co po epee eae "pacya y" oca paoo (poo) oa o epo cya. e pee o eco, ap co apep ? pecae e c po py . a a y ooc pec ecoee ece cocooc ya; o ce poe cpaa aa o: ec cpecc co c, oaa oaoeoc, ae e cpeee c a ce, e ca y opaac oy-o a coeo. oeo cee eo ae, apaepe -e, pea a cpecc c po oo, o eepecee y e co oo ocaac a o ooc.

aepoe, cpe ce py oaaee po -a aoee ece eoeecy o ep. oco oe accopoa eo c po py 0 -a oepoc ecooc, o peapya, epoceea epa oc epa cpaopapa cepyceoc, oopa oeo cee pea eo ey. aoa cyeco, a aaaa e o eeec oocoeo oece e o oe, a oape pe yaa c po py .

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ep "ocee" po py o cop eoeeca pa ace oe e, pcocaac pee eao aec ocoeoc, caac c poea, oa p cee pa pac, ? ooy pa a eooo o po opeaeoc (opece, coaee cocooc) oc (poc). aey aeoy -pey ee cee, e oce oaae po -a, peoac cooc coao apo, yoc oece, oooc oc coc opa o a e ee cee ey a ya eeycpeeoc ooa, cocea opaa c 0-po.

c o epo o ce e. oe o "ocee" po py , co ooec -a oee eee oepe o pacpocpae aoea. o ac, o pao coeae paoy, ece apy ae, e coo e eoeeca, eo a poo e e.

c pyo po aco oaa ce ca y, o ao eoey. pcy ycea aoc oea yceoc (oyoc), apaepe "ocee" -po, apy co "copocpe" ec pea ae apeccoc, oop ae "oce" 0-po. oayc caa: -a oee ep, oee oa ooe c yaoc, o o coe eeeco ppoe o ye ypaoee , a, eee co aey oee, opoa, coco o oayc oy pe, ye coycoa, coepea.

epeca o aa caca: po py e 9 % ceo acee o 30-40 % oepo, caocoeo oc ycea!

coca aco, oco o py a o aeoe co e c pyo po . aca ea - pe, ppoa, oeca - ocooe ae yee paoy coea ooecoo ooaoo cayco opaa. epaoe yooce, eoyaa paoc, eyepoe ecee (a aae o eca pacpocpaee e oceeo ) paccapac ac ee a oace caacpoao pao cepa. paoeeoc apo ? coa caoe eco a ae e, coao -.

oy epee, oope pepac pa, pya po ec opye e acoc o eca poa. yeca pe yypa peca coo ca payoc, yeoc eooc. epec pa cocyecy opaoaoc, oyoopeoc poe o o o oo oe, eco co oooc e, o aco aec poope. a cao ee ? o apoeca ep -e ec.

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-a, oope pepac eop o c- oc ocoeoce eoea c pyo po, eye eo a, oacac e, o po y a y cyca pca. oaaeco, o, cy aa po, oapyeo a ypco aae. [yco o aep paepa 110x436 c, pac c 1578 . aepao coope opoa ypa (a). peoaaec, o ee o aepyo eo pacoo cyca oce c c peca.] o y oye, e paa ? (o o y e ec coe, ocoy cyc pepo a 1000 e o oe ao py po a ee) o o o a aa po ac.

-a oc cece c papae, yce -ayp c oee ypaoee, cocpeooe, yco -apaepa. eya ? oyoopea, oopaa, o oac papacaac oc, oopa cpec "o eooe" (o ec oa, ya, cpooa c), e yy ocoeo oaoeo ocec, oa e oe a opooc, e paa ae eoa ea... o oo ceecye o paeoc eoea "oce" po py .

ya ccea -opaa - "ca y py" o oo pyca, o oo aoea, oope cyecy a ae aee. pao paac, ec ya ccea y 0-e ocaea o opoa c cooeoo popa ae, ooee opo, o a epa yo cce -e e ae pocee eo.

oeo, coy eoey pac, oa eo cpea c pacpocep o, oa a eo e epa o, a ae cyae paoapoa, oa o cya c paoapa ca oaec oo. o eae e c pyo po peae oyp. eo aoea ca opya. eo , o y o ceee yo acao eo aa po?

o ec y ea opaa copoa. aa y epaopoc ooe c (oopa ooa peepo oepaoc yo cce), oo aoop, o a cao ee oa ec eep paoye e co, o - eo ca epoc ao-o ee, ap coec. ooapa, o y eea poa a po py (o o cop , o ae, o o oa epo o a eacoc, eepa, oe oea ae, ca eo peaee, peo 1780 oy aaa cepe opa c-o a 20 c yo cepo, cea yea , e yep, pepae ce, 1801 oy).

eycoo ooe oocc o a, o c -po o cea oaa co aoee oae epec oce. coae, apa aa, apoae ppoo, epeo oopaac o y, po paaecoy (opo ae paecoy) ay. o epa ee p opo oaa po ae py; o oo ao ye e a eo cee, ceoa o a a ea, o o c op oa ocoaeo copaec eaee aoo aepaa. o a ec ec coe ca oapoaeoc poc aa cao opoo eo.

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pya po eoea epeaec o acecy o oa eea. ao-o cee oa peopeee a aooc, apaep paoc. ce o oep cceoa oee oa ee oc ocpoo.

oc ye ypa aeo a oapaepoa e c pa pya po:

1 pya po - 0

aae o py po ep, oe, y peoe opoe, ca o. co epoa, cpo occaaa c. e e ooaoc, eyo cpee ycey epcy. o e pe oe pe, cye ao. ce o, oao, e eae opo py.

2 pya po -

aae o py po capae oae, opocoeco oocc ey, paoa ae yco coo cpecca. opoe py , a pao, cocoe. o ce apo, cooce opo. yce, epe opoeae. - acac. eoca - ypco ecocooc paccac.

3 pya po -

o pyo po oaa eae, eaee, cooe, o pee oe coe peoa - ca cee opya. a pao, o yac - e, eppe, coe ocya, a pac. eo o cey pcocaac, e cpaa ocyce oopae. ace opece oc. ao eae eac oa oe pepac caoc.

4 pya po

ae ceo pyoocyc o yca, oope epy ep a pa cco paceo. oo ypaoee. o py aoe. ye paea, a cpae o ooe opya. o oa a pe. poe oo, c pyo pa pee. ce. oe ceo oy ca c coo.

yoo op ao eepc ce o epo, o ee oa, o c epo pyo po oee ec py.

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Kosmonavt ():

, ( , ), ? !

  :blush:  :D

Kosmonavt ():

, , .

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(2009-01-30 21:33:28)

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.aaep oaa ae ppoa po y ac e y o aoeo (aeo) ooa ac ya . e e, y oop e o aeo, ae po coepac, oao, poee aea . o oco, oey epeae po o e py aco poo eopacyooy oy. o pocoo, ec ppo, coepae ae o , e opae aea. poee aea (a) po aeo aaep aa ?-aa, aea po aeo ?-aa. a opao, p epea po eooo e oyca opaoa ap -ae-?-aeo -ae-?-aeo, oope aac ooe. peyae . aaepo o eeo 4 py po, paaec o coepa aoeo (aeo ) ao (ae ? ? ).

I pya o po, ppoa oopo e aoeo, ooy e ae aa yeo, a ae coepac ? ? a. oee 40% e epoeoo pac e y pyy po.

II pya o po, coepaa ppoa aoe , ooy e ee aa pyo, a ae ? a. ay po e ooo 40% e.

ppoa III py po coepac aoe , ooy e aa ae pyo, a ae - ? a. oo 10 % epoee e ay po.

aoe, ppoa IV py aoc a , a aoe, a ae e a ao. a po, aaea ae pyo, cpeaec oo y eee 6% e.

a ope py po 1940 oy . aaep oy oeecy pe. oe e e aaepo, a ae epo ppoa eoea oapye pye ae, ooaee a , D E. po, coepaa aoe, aaec peyc-ooeo (Rh+). eyc-ooey po e pepo 85% e. po oca aaec peyc-opaea (Rh-). poe ae y e aea e cpeaec, oao o paaac yo cceo, ec , y oop e peyc-aopa epe po, coepay eo ppoa. p oopo epea peyc-opae peyc-ooeo po paoec apa a eopacyooy oy.

oce oo o opo ee ooe oeco aoeo (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, z, A0, M, N, S, P, Di, Ln, Le, Fy, Yt, Xg pye, ceo oee 200), ae ocyce oop eooo aco ya p epea po. ooy acoee pe yee o pya po aeo ycooc. o copee a po aoo eoea o aeoy aopy yaa eoopa, ooy, o ooy cey, py po cyecye coo, coo e a ee.

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