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Элизабет Израиль (125лет) пила кокосовое молоко, ела овощи, рыбу, мясо

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125-летняя Элизабет Израиль пьет кокосовое молоко, ест много рыбы и мяса и курит трубку
   
Димитрий БАБИЧ "ФАКТЫ"
02.02.2000

Элизабет Израиль наверняка потеряла всякое терпение, расставляя свечи на своем именинном торте. Это неудивительно -- на сегодняшний день Элизабет считается старейшей жительницей Земли, ей исполнилось 125 лет. Она родилась в Доминике, в семье рабов, и буквально с младенческого возраста выполняла тяжелую работу сначала на хозяйских плантациях, а затем и на собственной земле. Израиль прекрасно разбирается в тропических плодах, может прочитать целую лекцию и пользе и вкусовых качествах кокосовых орехов, бананов, апельсинов, поскольку посвятила этому практически всю жизнь. В молодости она любила путешествовать, но в столицу выбралась только для того, чтобы выйти замуж в романтической обстановке. Долгожительница работала до 104 лет, пока не почувствовала, что заслужила отдых. Именно в неуемном желании быть полезной другим Элизабет видит основную причину своего долголетия. Впрочем, старушка разработала собственную диету -- она питается все тем же кокосовым молоком, ест много рыбы и мяса, но никогда не ужинает после 18 часов. Бабушка не употребляет алкоголя, зато курит трубку, находя в этом чудесный способ успокоения, а на ночь выпивает чашку зеленого чая.
Старейшим человеком на свете до недавнего времени была американка Сара Наусс, однако месяц назад она скончалась. Считается, что абсолютный рекорд в долгожительстве принадлежит непальскому крестьянину, который прожил 141 год.

http://fakty.ua/109096-125-letnyaya-eli … rit-trubku

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It’s no secret.
You take fresh foods, clean water, pure air and lots of exercise. You add low stress, a loving family and strong belief in God. For Dominica’s centenarians, it all adds up to a longer and healthier life.

Dominica’s centenarians include the world’s oldest living person, Elizabeth "Ma Pampo" Israel, pictured here two years ago when she was "only" 125.  (Photo © Powys Dewhurst)
If Christopher Columbus ever returned to the Americas, the only country he would likely recognize is the little Caribbean island of Dominica. Given its inhabitants’ reputation for longevity, he might even remember some of the islanders from his first visit. Out of a population of 70,000, 21 Dominicans are more than 100 years old.

Dominica’s centenarians include the world’s oldest living human, Elizabeth "Ma Pampo" Israel, profiled two years ago (when she was "only" 125) in Time magazine. "The daughter of a slave, she started working on a plantation at the age of 25 and retired 79 years later," Time reported. "She ascribes her longevity to her diet—including lots of dumplings and bush tea."

Time doesn’t mention it, but Ma Pampo married in 1922 and had one son, who died at the age of 30. That was well over half a century ago. She has one grandson, who is alive and well somewhere in the United Kingdom.

Ma Pampo herself is well cared for today, and her home in Glanvillia, outside the town of Portsmouth, is clean and comfortable, if small. During a recent visit, she confirmed how hard she had to work as a child, picking coconuts and limes for a starting salary of two cents per day.

Earlier this year, because of an ingrown toenail that became infected, Ma Pampo had her right leg amputated below the knee. It healed easily and without further complications, but the ordeal left her generally bedridden. At almost the same time, her next-door neighbor and good friend of many, many years, Rose Peters, died at the age of 118. Yet Ma Pampo refuses to give up. She remains curious, lively and communicative, with a strong sense of humor. Her zest for living is evident, as is the simplicity of her life and her lack of interest in worldly goods.

Fluent in the native Kwiyol (a French patois) and Kokoy (an English-based pidgin), in addition to standard English, Ma Pampo ascribes her long life to hard work and good food. She shuns anything canned or processed. While in the hospital earlier this year—one of only three visits in her entire life to the Dominican capital of Roseau—she threw away a peanut butter sandwich, saying she would not eat anything that was not "natural." She talks glowingly of the beneficial effects of dumplings (seasoned boiled flour chunks flavored with broth); river crayfish and crabs; tuna, mahi-mahi and mackerel from the sea; and local tubers: cassava, dasheen, eddoes, yams and tannia.

Ma Pampo still loves to listen to the Kokoy programs on the radio and the Franco-African rhythms and melodies that dominate the airwaves. When I asked her what I could do to live to be her age, she laughed heartily and thought for a moment. Then she said that I should eat good food. She added, however, that food is now so polluted with fertilizer that it is difficult to trust. Then she commended me to God.

http://www1.paho.org/English/DPI/Number … cle1_5.htm

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Элизабет Израиль не употребляла производственную пищу, ела только натуральные, экологически-чистые продукты. Она также не ела консервированную пищу.
Вера в Бога и экологически чистая свежая пища - секрет долголетия этой женщины (по ее словам).

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The terrain, flora and fauna of Dominica are unforgettable. Except for the few villages that hug the coast and mountainsides, the island has remained unspoiled and little changed during the 500 years since Columbus first visited the Caribbean. Twenty-nine miles long and 16 miles wide, it is still a land of cloud-capped volcanic mountains and lush tropical rainforests; steep valleys with tangled lianas and tumbling, crystal-clear streams; rainbow-hued flowers ranging from magenta ginger lilies to brilliant orange heliconiae, bright pink antirrhinums to rich purple orchids; iridescent butterflies that look like flying bits of gemstone-studded brocade; and birds of all sizes, colors and plumage that coo, squawk, shrill and sing, including the national icon, the Sisserou parrot, immortalized on the Dominican flag. The country has 12 large waterfalls, six varieties of tropical rainforest and more than 365 rivers, one for each day of the year. There are hot sulfur springs and coldwater streams almost side by side. It is said that you can catch a fish in one river and cook it in the other.

Wigg John Francis, 103, attributes his long life to ‘good drink, good food’ and God.  (Photo © Tony Deyal)
Tourism minister Charles Savarin attributes Dominicans’ longevity to the island’s pristine environment. "Many people still drink water straight from the rivers," he says. "The water is naturally filtered and entirely without chemicals. There are no industrial plants emptying into the streams and the sea. Most of the country is heavily forested so that we may have more oxygen here than anywhere else."

He points out that when today’s centenarians were growing up, the island was without chemicals, fertilizers or motor vehicles. People had to walk or row their small boats long distances. Everyone had to work hard for a living, sowing and reaping their own crops as well as working on sugar plantations.

Until two years ago, Wigg John Francis, who is officially 103, tended his garden and raked his own grass. He lives in the agricultural community of Dublanc, on Dominica’s west coast. He questions the official date of birth derived from his baptismal records, saying he is really 107.

Francis remembers being adopted as a boy by his aunt in the capital. He never attended school; instead, he worked as a farmer, fisherman and sometimes gravedigger. Until two years ago, he actively supervised younger gravediggers, showing them who was buried where and which plots were still available. I asked him to what he owed his long life, and he replied sharply in patois, "Ask God. It is He who gives me sustenance." He then added, "Bien bue, bien mange." Good drink. Good food. Natural and without chemicals, a mixture of tubers and fish. Francis was not averse to alcohol, and he smoked cigarettes, although he quit some years ago. He was accustomed to exertion, sometimes rowing the 30-mile round trip to Roseau or the 10 miles to church and back with his family. He believes in bush tea and bush medicine—holistic, herbal healing. His biggest problem is "old age": His eyesight is fading and his head hurts. Yet he walks unaided, albeit slowly, and washes his own face.

Francis says he has lived a good life "as God says." He is lovingly and well cared for by his granddaughter, Theresa Jubenot, and her husband Honoré. He is clean and clear-witted. When I asked him what I could do to live to his age, he looked me up and down and then laughed in my face.

In contrast, Professor Gerald Grell, dean of the Portsmouth Campus of Ross University, an offshore medical school based in Dominica, took me quite seriously. He explained that having so many centenarians (30 per 100,000, 66 percent higher than the United States’ rate of 18 per 100,000) is highly unusual and that he is supervising a research project to determine what the causes might be. While he is not certain about the specific reasons for there being more female (17) than male (four) centenarians in Dominica, he notes that the evidence so far points to the environment as the major factor in all cases. None of the centenarians are directly related, so there is no common genetic factor. They live in different communities, so their longevity is not localized. He believes that what the centenarians have in common is that they all worked very hard during their lives, ate the basic organic foods and fresh fish that abound in Dominica, and breathed the oxygen-rich atmosphere that encapsulates the country like a bubble of good health.

Grell also points to three other important factors. The first is that Dominicans live as extended families in small, relatively isolated, semi-self-sufficient communities. They share a strong respect for the elderly; people are proud of their parents and grandparents and take care of them when they are ill or need help. The second factor is a deeply rooted belief in God found commonly in Dominica’s almost universally Roman Catholic population. Religion, not merely attendance at church on Sundays, is a way of life. The third is that Dominicans live relatively simple, stressfree lives.

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"This is a country where we relax and where we are not afraid to laugh at ourselves," says Minister of Health Herbert Sabaroche, who hails from the small fishing village of Bioche on the west coast and is related to Wigg John Francis. "It is interesting that the 21 persons who are over 100 years old are not restricted to any one geographical area of Dominica but are spread throughout the country.

http://s5.uploads.ru/t/KJXLy.jpg

Ma Daroux, 101, credits ‘healthy food,’ a loving family and also God.  (Photo © Tony Deyal)
"This means the whole of Dominica has an environment conducive to long life. Fresh foods, clean water, pure air, a high level of relaxation, good family support, belief in God, low stress, and lots of exercise —that is what life in Dominica is all about."

He adds one more element to the mix of contributing factors. Sabaroche stresses health care in Dominica. "Our primary health care system is one of the oldest in the region and one of the best or most comprehensive," he says. "It is decentralized, and instead of waiting for people to come to us, we take health to them. We reach out to the people."

One example that stands out, and which is in its own way as significant as Ma Pampo’s achievement, is the story of Augista Mathilde Daroux, known as "Ma Daroux." Diagnosed with hypertension in the early 1970s, she has survived and in fact thrived, and now at 101 walks unaided, sleeps soundly and has perfect bladder control. Grell describes this as unprecedented and noteworthy as a health phenomenon.

"Normally people with hypertension are not expected to live so long. However, Ma Daroux has been faithfully taking her prescribed medication, and the combination of hard work, good food, clean air and a supportive environment has contributed to her being so fit mentally and physically at the age of 101."

Ma Daroux lives on a hilltop overlooking the coastal village of Petit Savane. Next to her house is a spring used by villagers for washing. Her small and neatly kept home is fenced by bay trees, whose exotic fragrance mixes with that of the flowers she has planted in her garden. Born on New Year’s Day, 1901, she went to school at the age of 12. Her parents paid her teacher with vegetables and fish. She left school early and went to work. She had eight children. She attributes her long life to healthy food: lots of cane juice, honey, arrowroot, fish, river crabs, prawns and crayfish. She is cared for by her children, who speak of her with love and pride.

Perhaps because she is not of the television generation, Ma Daroux goes to sleep early and wakes early, as do other centenarians. She also drinks herbal tea and is convinced of the virtue of bush medicine for routine ailments. She also is very religious.

As is Louisa Joseph, 103, whom I visited at Vielle Case, high in the mountains, where at some points the road is level with the housetops. Joseph was half-asleep, clutching her chaplet (rosary beads) when I arrived at her home. Clean, tidy and smiling, she attributed her long life to hard work and good food. She spoke of having a good marriage and sharing with her neighbors. She said quietly, "I lived like God says. Whatever I had, everybody got." When I asked her what I should do to reach her age, she too laughed.

Elizah "Ma Bradley" Phillip, 114, of the village of Wesley on the east coast, has lost most of her hearing so was unable to address the same question. However, her 87-year-old daughter and caretaker did the laughing for her.

Antonia Fevrier, 104, of the village of Grandbay at the southernmost point of the island, was having breakfast when I arrived. She likes malted drinks and sweet biscuits. She ignored my question, perhaps deeming it either unanswerable or irrelevant.

But Ma Daroux was different. When I asked her what to do to live as long as she has, she said, "Eat lots of callaloo"—a spinach-based soup common in the Caribbean. Deep green in color, it has an unprepossessing appearance that contrasts strongly with its scrumptious taste. It is made from the leaves of the dasheen plant, seasoned with garlic and onions, and contains black pepper leaves together with crab, fish or salted meat.

Other people have laughingly suggested that I use crapaud water, a soup made from frog meat that is an island delicacy and, together with fried frogs’ legs, part of the island’s French culinary heritage. I have passed the message on to my wife, who has a vested interest in my longevity. Now I plan to drink my callaloo and crapaud water, and on my 100th birthday to go to Dominica and wait for Columbus to return—or, for those who believe in reincarnation, perhaps to return myself as Columbus.

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The lively art of defying death

The Guardian, Wednesday 19 April 2000

Since the world's oldest person died three days before the turn of the millennium the Guinness Book of Records has been trying to verify new candidates for the title.
Officially England has the two oldest people in the world: Eva Morris, 115, and Harry Halford, 109. But Guinness is investigating the claims of several older contenders who live in the developing world.

In its search, the tiny island of Dominica in the West Indies has emerged as potentially the home of world's female longevity leaders.

No one was sure how old Elizabeth Israel, better known as "Mampampo", was when she entered hospital last November.

She was certainly over 100, for as one elderly neighbour put it: "I'm 68, and when I was a little pickney [child] she was already an old woman."

But when local church records were searched, it emerged that she was 125: not only the oldest person living, but the oldest ever recorded.

Four doors down from Ms Israel, Jollina James heard the news and started wondering about her great-great aunt Rose Peters, a friend and colleague of Mampampo's for more than 100 years. Her entry was also found in the church registry: February 25 1883, making her 117 and the second oldest person alive.

Both women worked on a local plantation picking vegetables well into their hundreds; Ms Israel, whose mother was born a slave, was a foreman.

The church registry looks unimpeachable: volumes of meticulously typed records copied from originals damaged by Hurricane David in late 1979.

The parish priest, Father Charles Martin, says they could not have been tampered with. If they have been, then so have tens of thousands of other names in the 14 volumes kept in the church safe, he says.

Ms Israel is frail but her mind is as clear as a bell. She remembers Queen Victoria dying - "There was a lot of fuss, but I wasn't that bothered".

Despite her 117 years, Ms Peters is also quick of mind and full of energy. She attributes her age to her diet and hard work. Dominica's plentiful water is so pure it needs no treatment and both women still live on vegetable-based diets.

Ms Israel has never touched a drop of liquor.

"It makes you mad," she says. She too attributes her longevity to a strong work ethic.

"Hard work never killed anybody. It's laziness that kills."

Daniel Nathaniel Harekeb may live 3,000 miles away but he is likely to appear next to Ms Israel in the Guinness Book of Records as the world's oldest man.

At 112 he is the oldest person in Namibia, but to everyone in his home town of Karibib he is a very naughty man.

"Take some cold beers and he'll be pleased to see you," one local says. "But he's very naughty."

Mr Harekeb, a San bushman, emerges from his home shaking a stick and shouts: "Who's disturbing me?"

Holding a cold beer, he explains his philosophy for a long life.

"I just put my faith in God. I eat maize porridge in the morning, followed by fruit, and never eat after it gets dark. I drink when I can - it makes me feel young again. And whenever I see a woman," he grins, "I have her."

"I do feel very old. But it rained the other day, and when it hit my face my skin tingled and my heart felt strong."

His earliest memories are of running away from mission school, at about the time the Germans arrived in Namibia. After that he worked as a shepherd.

He has vague memories of the German-Herero war of 1904-07, but says: "They are just a blur. Everything seems a long way away."

In nearly 100 working years he made ice cream and worked in construction before starting on a German's farm in Karibib, about 80 miles north-west of the capital Windhoek. Ever since he, his children - he has none of his own but adopted his siblings' children after their parents died - and grandchildren have lived on the farm.

He worked past his 100th birthday.

Last year he was summoned to a government house in Windhoek by the Namibian president, Sam Nujoma, who told him he was the oldest man in the country. Whether he will be named the oldest man in the world depends on Guinness's verification process, which requires a valid birth or marriage certificate, or a census report.

After much persuasion, Mr Harekeb whispered the secret location of his documents to a grandson, who went to retrieve them. "I don't want you bastards stealing my pension!" he snarled at his relatives.

Along with a pension book was an identification card, issued after a census, giving his birthdate as August 10 1888.

Draining the last from another bottle of beer he stands up, clutching his documents. "Right, I've had enough. I want everyone to fuck off because I'm tired."

He walked off, leaving a little pile of empty beer bottles and two cigarette ends, marking his place in time.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2000/apr/19/5

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Elizabeth "Ma Pampo" Israel was born on January 27, 1875 and died on October 14, 2003 at age 128, the oldest person in recent human history. That the Guinness Book of World Records may have issue with her longevity has more to do with rancid prejudices, as opposed to any truthful examination of the record. For after all, were we not a British colony in 1875? Indeed, loyal subjects to Queen Victoria who then reigned when Ma Pampo took her first breath on some dewy Dominican morn? And is British record keeping not revered by modern scholarship? Truly, to state otherwise would be a slur against the supposed efficiency of British governance.
    Ma Pampo's legacy is that of a life prolonged in defiance of the odds; colonialism was tough on the colonials. Short and difficult lives were normative for black and indigenous Caribbean people in the 1870's. It was such brutal conditions, which forced many Dominicans to flee to Costa Rica, Cayenne, Venezuela and British Guiana to seek survival and fortune in gold fields and more accessible farmland. Her ability to enter the 20th Century, and soar into the 21st, was a testament to the gains made by our people in improved health care, and social stability. We must acknowledge that socialized medicine prolonged Ma Pampo's life and grants Dominicans an average life expectancy of 79 years; a figure equal to, and oftentimes superior, to that of many so-called advanced countries. That she was nourished on the bounty of our Nature Isle is noteworthy. That fact should cause us to rededicate ourselves to the cocoa tea, fish and calaloo that sustained her and so avoid the Coca Cola and French fries lifestyle, which now saturates our world. Yes, Ma Pampo lived long enough that we should take note of the wealth of knowledge she shared and derive benefit from that which made her longevity possible.
Some Pointers on Survival:

Local Cuisine & Cooperation:
    Dominica was a colonial backwater in the 1870's. Writers of the period write of a bleak landscape in that we were not an economic powerhouse in sugar or any other commodity favored by colonial mercantilism. However, such a condition compelled our people to engaged in fishing, and subsistence agriculture. Our local cuisine rooted in cocoa, bush tea, fresh fish, fresh water, coconut milk, and a multiplicity of fruit made for a healthy diet. Short on cash, and to carve out a sustainable niche outside the colonial economy, our people engaged in Koudmen (cooperative self help). By joining hands they made for themselves a life, which was more tolerable than that which society would have otherwise afforded them.
Stress Management:
    Today we are assailed by the troubles of a modern world where keeping up with the Jones exacts a terrible price. We lack peace of mind and we are often caught in "life-on-a-treadmill" which denies us the compassion and kindness, which soothes the human spirit. The Rat Race behavioral pattern which modern day prophet Bob Marley warned us about, focuses on a crass materialism, and divides family and friends, alike. Ma Pampo lived a simple life with simple pleasures. Her wisdom was deep, her laughter swift. She was able to endure, because many Dominicans worked in unity to preserve, protect, develop and make stable the island we call home. Longevity thrives in stability and security. Her lifestyle may be a clarion call that we simplify ourselves and so make Dominica an oasis of tranquility, which may yet entice many a visitor fleeing a stressed-out world.
    And so, for the lady who came before the Wright brothers and air travel, through World Wars One and Two, and who basked in the warm embrace of an independent Dominica, let us pay tribute. In so doing, let us examine the deeper meaning of her life: What would it benefit us to win the whole world and lose our souls? In answer, I say: Ma Pampo represented a transcendental Dominican soul born of endurance under adversity. Her life showed that humility is a virtue. Her extended presence teaches us that the answers to many of the major questions, which confront us as a people, come from within, not without. As we examine those characteristics, which made us so fond of Ma Pampo's life, may we simplify ourselves, use the best, which God has provided us and, in so doing, preserve what is best in our civilization.
    So, may Ma Pampo find everlasting peace in the hereafter, as she continues to light our paths with the radiance born of a life with a meaning deeper than the sum of years she trod the earth.

Gabriel Christian
Vice-President
Academy of Arts and Sciences (DAAS)

http://www.da-academy.org/pampo.html

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When the Domican government led in celebrating her 125th birthday 1n the year 2000, “Ma Pampo”, as she was called, was living in a small plywood house in Gladvillia outside the town of Portsmouth. She was by then blind.  Early in 2002, because of an ingrown toenail that had become infected, Ma Pampo’s right leg was amputated below the knee. The procedure left her largely bedridden.

However, she was still welcoming visitors with a firm handshake and a smile and communicating in standard English, or in the native Kwiyol (a French patois), or in Kokoy (an English-based pidgin), as the situation demanded.

Around the time of her hospitalization, Rose Peters, her next-door neighbor and friend died at the age of 118. Concerned people point out that Guinness had confirmed the age Rose Peters who was younger than Elizabeth “Ma Pampo” Israel.

In 2000 there were over 20 centenarians in Dominica (four living close to Elizabeth Israel), from a population of 70,000 occupying only 289 square miles. Dominica is believed to be the country with the highest concentration of centenarians.

People speculate that the clean, stress-free living of Dominica, called the Nature Island of the Caribbean, has something to do with it. Elizabeth Israel herself says she has lived this long because of faith in God, hard work and good food. Her simple diet over the years was mainly dumplings and bush tea. She also avoided commercially processed foods.

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Долгожительница живет в Доминикане, имеет доступ к экологически чистым продуктам - немногие жители имеют такую возможность, особенно сейчас, в современном мире. Все-таки современные долгожители были рождены во время, когда не было такого количества искусственной химической еды, как теперь. Экологическую пищу нужно постоянно выслеживать и изучать состав...

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Shanti
О чем ты шепчешь? В грязной Москве и в Киеве есть долгожители, значит дело не в экологии и в супер чистых продуктах?

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Kosmonavt написал(а):

В грязной Москве и в Киеве есть долгожители, значит дело не в экологии и в супер чистых продуктах?

Конечно не только. Но 50 лет назад продукты были совсем другие (то же мясо). И грязь была не такая "грязная", как теперь. А еще перенаселенность, количество болезней, мусора... Медицина спасает самых слабых, значит последующие поколения становятся все слабее... Да что собственно об этом говорить... Наверное, у меня более пессимистичный взгляд на эти вещи  :surprise:

Отредактировано Shanti (2013-08-10 03:07:34)

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