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Диетолог из Англии Барри Гроувз: "Жирное мясо - видовая пища человека"

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«Здоровое питание» вредно для здоровья?

Нужно есть больше жира

В странах, где популярна здоровая пища, слишком много кардиологических заболеваний.

Виктория Ламберт, The Daily Telegraph
Перевод: ГАЗЕТА.GZT.RU

На завтрак Барри Гроувз съел большое яйцо и 100 граммов поджаренной на топленом сале печенки. А потом запил все это какао с двойными сливками. На обед 72-летний Барри со своей 70-летней женой Моникой насладятся свининой с жирком и зелеными овощами в масле. И, наконец, чету, проживающую в Оксфорде, ожидает легкий ужин из сыра, домашних яблок или груш, увенчанных сливками, и какао. Несмотря на 40 лет такой жирной диеты, Барри весит на 3 кг меньше, чем в день свадьбы. В 1957 году он весил 72 кг.

Супруги нарушают все известные диеты, составленные по принципу «здоровое питание», но они бодры и подтянуты. Как же им это удается? И что же мы делаем не так, поглощая тонны фруктов и овощей, воротя нос от масла с малейшим содержанием холестерина? В конце концов, правильной диете нас никто особо не обучал, и мы все равно зачастую становимся жертвами болезней - от диабета до сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний.

«Большинство людей потребляют продукты, непривычные для человеческих существ, - говорит Барри, обладатель докторской степени в диетологии, недавно написавший книгу «Как здоровое питание делает нас больными». - По природе своей мы - хищники, строение нашей пищеварительной системы идентично кишечнику большой кошки. Нас убеждают питаться продуктами с содержанием искусственного крахмала или растительных масел, а также углеводными продуктами вроде хлеба, макарон и риса. Именно они называются здоровыми, но только не жирное мясо, которое на самом-то деле и признает наш желудок».

Он полагает, что именно поэтому мы не знаем, когда остановиться: «Попробуйте съесть много жирной пищи, к примеру сыра, и ваш организм сам сообщит вам, что уже сыт. Но если еда обработанная, диетическая, организм не воспримет ее и мозг не получит сигнала, что желудок полон».

Многие люди знакомы с жиросодержащей диетой, практикуемой Гроувзами, она не сильно отличается от известной диеты Аткинса. В 1962 году супруги специально организовали свое питание таким образом, чтобы избавиться от лишнего веса, который набрали после свадьбы.

Барри верит, что его питание является здоровым. Его уровень холестерина равен 8,2 ммоля (миллимоль на литр крови), при этом уровень, рекомендованный Британским кардиологическим фондом (БКФ) для людей с сердечными заболеваниями или проблемами кровообращения, - не больше 4 ммолей на литр. Тем не менее доктор утверждает, что, наоборот, гораздо опаснее иметь уровень ниже 7 ммолей на литр. Исследования выявили взаимосвязь между низким содержанием холестерина и риском заболевания раком и депрессиями. Кровяное давление Барри поистине впечатляет - 115/62 мм ртутного столба. По данным БКФ, в среднем у населения распространен показатель 140/85 мм ртутного столба.

Но разве не было доказано, что насыщенный жир вреден для сердца? «Вся теория о том, что жир приводит к сердечным заболеваниям, основана на устаревших данных - говорит Барри. - Первое исследование показало, что если кроликов кормить продуктами с высоким содержанием холестерина, то он накапливается в артериях. Но ведь кролики по природе своей должны есть растения, в которых холестерин не содержится. Закупорка артерий происходит вследствие неестественной диеты. Это вообще могла быть аллергическая реакция. Повторное исследование провел в 1953 году американец Ансельм Кейес. Он сравнил демографические показатели шести стран и выявил замечательную зависимость сердечных заболеваний от уровня потребления холестерина, при этом он расположил страны, начиная с Японии (низкий уровень) и заканчивая Америкой (высокий уровень). Правда, у Кейеса были данные по 22 странам, но он просто проигнорировал те 16, которые не вписывались в его гипотезу». Барри подчеркивает, что сейчас данное исследование часто приводят в пример того, как не стоит заниматься научной работой. По его словам, даже длительное 60-летнее изыскание - проект "Фрамингхэм", организованный американским Национальным институтом заболеваний сердца, легких и крови в 1948 году, - не выявило взаимосвязи между диетой и сердечными заболеваниями. «В 2003 году бывший президент Американского кардиологического института профессор Сильван Ли Уэйнберг заявил, что аргументов в защиту обезжиренной углеводной диеты больше не осталось. Если поразмыслить о времени, на протяжении которого нас пичкали заголовками о таком «здоровом» питании и о том, что за это время количество сердечных заболеваний лишь возросло, можно сделать неутешительный вывод: в современных болезнях виновато лекарство, призванное их предотвращать».

Но как же насчет остальных догматов здорового образа жизни: пяти порций овощей и фруктов в день, зерновых злаков, соевого молока, обезжиренных йогуртов? «Овощи не проблема, - объясняет Барри, - но у нас нет ни биологических, ни химических причин для их потребления. А вот печень, к примеру, содержит все необходимые нам витамины и минералы. А фрукты? Их натуральный сахар (фруктоза) гораздо опаснее, чем обычная глюкоза или столовый сахар. Вот он как раз напрямую связан с повышением веса. Хуже всего пшеница. В процессе роста ее зерна постоянно накапливают бактерии и грязь, которые невозможно очистить. А склады с пшеницей - настоящий рай для мышей и крыс, из-за чего ее постоянно опрыскивают инсектицидами. Положите зернышко под микроскоп, и вы увидите следы крысиных фекалий». По словам Барри, соевое молоко производится из очень опасных, неферментированных бобов. Что же касается йогуртов, то им не хватает конъюгированной линолевой кислоты, которая предотвращает рак.

Так как же нам правильно питаться? «Готовьте чистые продукты, естественные для нашего вида. Поменьше хлеба и побольше рыбы, яиц, масла - любых животных белков. Старайтесь есть все, что раньше бегало, а не торчало из земли. Подойдет все: печень, почки, улитки, даже насекомые», - утверждает Барри.

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На фото - Barry Groves (72 года) и его любимые продукты питания - свинина, топленое сало, яйца, жирные сливки и сыр.

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Спасибо Шанти за интересную статью. Для тех, кто читает на английском, предлагаю оригинал.

Healthy food: Should we be eating more fat?
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/32308 … e-fat.html

2008

For breakfast, Barry Groves had an extra large egg and a 3oz slice of liver, fried in lard. He washed it down with a cup of cocoa made with double cream.
At lunch, Barry, 72, who lives near Oxford with his wife Monica, 70, will enjoy pork chops, with the fat left on, plus a few green vegetables in butter.
Finally, the couple will have a light supper consisting of cheese with a home-grown apple or pear, topped with cream, followed by more cocoa.
Despite following this shockingly high-fat diet for more than 40 years, Barry now weighs 6lb less than he did on his wedding day in 1957 when he tipped the scales at 11st 7lb.
He and Monica break every single diet diktat that has been trumpeted as “healthy eating”. And yet, here they are, trim, fit and full of beans, albeit metaphorical ones. How on earth do they do it? And where are the rest of us – eating piles of fruit and veg, and steering clear of cholesterol-laden butter – going wrong? After all, we’ve never been subject to so much education on good dietary practice, and yet prey to so many illnesses, ranging from diabetes to heart disease.
“Most people are eating in a way that is unnatural to us as a species,” says Barry, who holds a doctorate in nutritional science and has just written a book called Trick and Treat: How Healthy Eating Is Making Us Ill. “We’re a carnivorous species – our gut is identical to that of a big cat. Yet we’re encouraged to eat foods that have been padded out with modified starch and vegetable oils, and complex carbohydrates such as bread, pasta and rice, which have all been labelled healthy – but not the fatty meat that our body actually recognises.”
He says this is why we don’t know when to stop eating: “Try to eat too much fat – cheese, say – and your body will quickly tell you when it has had enough. But when you eat processed, 'low fat’ food, your body never gets the message it has had enough, so doesn’t tell the mind it is full.”
Many people are familiar with the idea of a high-fat, low-carb diet, such as that practised by the Groves – it is not dissimilar from the Atkins diet. The couple took it up initially in 1962, after piling on the pounds as newlyweds.
But Barry believes the way he eats is healthy, too. His cholesterol measures 8.2mmol (millimols per litre of blood) – current British Heart Foundation (BHF) advice is that people who are at high risk of, or who already have, heart and circulatory disease should aim for a total cholesterol level of less than 4mmol/l. He says, however, it would be far more risky to have a cholesterol level that measures less than 7mmol/l than to have it high. Research has linked low cholesterol levels to cancer and depression. His blood pressure is irrefutably impressive at 115/62 mmHg (millimetres of mercury.) The BHF’s target for the general population is to have a blood pressure below 140/85.
But hasn’t it been proved that too much saturated fat is bad for the heart?
“The whole premise that eating saturated fat would lead to heart disease is based on two old reports,” says Barry. “The first, in 1950, showed that if rabbits were fed a cholesterol-rich diet, it would fur up their arteries. Yet, rabbits are only designed to eat plant life, which has no cholesterol. The clogged arteries were caused by feeding them an unnatural diet. It could have been an allergic response.
“The second study was in 1953 when an American called Ansel Keyes, who charted six countries’ consumption of fat, compared with their rates of heart disease and found a perfect curve upwards when he started with Japan at the bottom (low consumption) and America at the top (high consumption). Of course, Keyes had access to data from 22 countries, but simply ignored that from 16 countries which didn’t suit his hypothesis.” Barry points out that this study is often used now to demonstrate how not to do research.
Even the long-term investigation into heart disease, the Framingham project started in 1948 by the American National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, and now in its 60th year, has found no evidence of a link between diet and heart disease, according to Barry. “Professor Sylvan Lee Weinberg, a past president of the American College of Cardiology, said in 2003 that the low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet could no longer be defended.
“So, when you think how long we’ve been given these healthy eating guidelines and how in that time the rate of disease has gone up not down, you have to ask if our modern ailments have been caused by the very diet that was designed to stop them.”
What about those other tenets of a healthy life – five portions of fruit and veg, wholegrain cereals, soya milk, low-fat yogurts?
“Vegetables are not the problem,” says Barry, “but there’s no biological or chemical reason to eat them. Liver, for example, has all the minerals and vitamins we need. But fruit? The natural sugar it contains – fructose – is much more dangerous than simple glucose or table sugar. It has been linked to the rise in obesity.”
And he refuses to touch wheat. “It collects bacteria and dirt as it grows, and is impossible to clean. Then stored in silos, it is a haven for mice and rats, so it gets sprayed with insecticides. Put a wheat flower under the microscope and you’ll see traces of rat faeces.”
Soy milk is made with unfermented soya beans – “highly dangerous,” claims Barry. As for yogurts made with skimmed milk, they “lack conjugated linoleic acid, which prevents cancer”.
So how do we eat more healthily? “Eat purer foods, and ones that are more natural to us as a species. Cut down on bread and eat more fish, eggs, butter – any animal protein, anything that used to move around, that wasn’t stuck in the ground. Liver, kidneys, snails – even insects will do.”
• Trick and Treat: How Healthy Eating Is Making Us Ill by Barry Groves (Hammersmith Press) is available from Telegraph Bookshop for £11.99

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Барри Гроувз создал блог, в котором публикует очень интересные и полезные материалы - http://www.barrygroves.blogspot.com/

http://www.second-opinions.co.uk/aboutbg.html

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Книги, написанные Барри.

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Только что нашел статью на английском -

A vodka and tonic will help you live longer than orange juice
Published: 23 Oct 2008
http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/wo … 843718.ece

WHO do you think shuns fruit and loves a fry-up cooked in lard – slimline Barry or overweight Laura?
You can read both our case studies below.

She is constantly tired and prone to spots. He is full of beans and, despite being 72, has the blood pressure of a man in his 20s.

But amazingly it is nanny Laura Larsem who eats what most of us are convinced is a healthy diet and Barry Groves who loves lard.

For the past 30 years the healthy eating message has been clear — we've been advised to cut back on fat, sugar, dairy and red meat and eat more lean meat, complex carbs and fruit and veg.

In 1980, when we ate a diet much higher in saturated fat, six per cent of men and eight per cent of women were obese.

By 2006, 38 per cent of Brits were overweight and 24 per cent were obese — and those numbers are set to rise.

And as our intake of low-fat, low-calorie foods has soared, so has the incidence of diabetes.

Top tipple ... vodka and tonic
Barry, a nutritionist, is convinced some supposedly healthy foods are actually making us ill.
He is not alone. Studies have shown that rats fed saccharine put on more weight than those given a sugar solution and the omega-6 oil found in supposedly healthy vegetable spreads increases the risk of dementia.

Barry believes fructose — the sugar in fruit — is linked to obesity and diabetes and that low-fat dairy foods cause prostate and ovarian cancer.

In his new book, Trick And Treat: How Healthy Eating Is Making Us Ill, he argues we're being tricked into eating an unhealthy diet so we can be treated with new drugs such as cholesterol-lowering statins.

His advice is: "Cut down on bread and eat more fish, eggs, butter — any animal protein, anything that used to move around."

So which of your favourite foods would Barry put back on the menu — and why?

FULL-FAT MILK OR SOYA MILK: "I wouldn't touch soya milk," says Barry. "It is made from unfermented soya and contains phytic acid which binds with minerals we need, such as calcium, and stops the body absorbing them.

"It does contain phyto-oestrogens which are good for a woman going through the menopause but they are not at all good for small boys — it's like giving them a dose of the contraceptive pill."

Studies found that a regular diet of soya can halve sperm levels and linked tofu, a form of soya, to a raised risk of brain damage in middle-age.

PORK CHOP OR CHICKEN BREAST: "Pork chop, please," says Barry. "Fat is good for us — the whole idea that eating saturated fat would lead to heart disease is based on two old reports.

"The first, in 1950, showed that if rabbit were fed a cholesterol-rich diet it would fur up their arteries. Yet rabbits are only designed to eat plant life, which has no cholesterol.

?Their clogged arteries could have simply been an allergic response.

?The second study was in 1953 using fat consumption and heart disease data from 22 countries, but the researcher simply ignored figures from 16 countries which didn't suit his hypothesis."

BUTTER OR SPREAD: "Butter," says Barry. Some spreads made from vegetable oil contain hydrogenated fat, a manmade form which could also indicate the presence of trans fats associated with an increased risk of cardiac problems.

A Lancet study looking at heart disease and diet also found more cancer deaths among men on a supposedly healthy polyunsaturated diet.

Some polyunsaturated oils are high in omega-6 fatty acids which block our body's ability to absorb another crucial fatty acid, omega-3, which has been shown to prevent heart attacks, reduce the risk of dementia and benefit children with learning difficulties.

DOUBLE CREAM OR LOW-FAT YOGURT: Barry says: "Low-fat dairy raises the risk of ovarian and prostate cancer, while full-fat dairy protects against it."

Two major studies found a link between drinking a lot of skimmed milk and an increased risk of prostate cancer, while another study found a similar association with skimmed milk and women's cancers.

A 1996 study of 5,000 women in Italy found that women with the highest intake of fat had significantly less breast cancer, while a Swedish study found full-fat dairy foods were associated with lower rates of bowel cancer.

SLICED WHITE BREAD OR WHOLEMEAL: Barry says: "I never touch grains but even if I did, it would still be sliced white for me. Wheat and bran are scratchy and abrasive and irritate the gut, as a study in Georgia in 2006 proved.

"They tear cells in the gut wall. They're linked to irritable bowel syndrome, diverticulitis and even colon cancer, according to a study by the Imperial Cancer Research Fund in 1996."

FRIED EGGS OR MUESLI: "Cereals lack vitamins A, C and D, and vitamin B and minerals are often lost in processing," says Barry, who believes maize is particularly bad.

"It is rich in lectins, chemicals which are known to lower intestinal absorption of many key nutrients."

Reports in both the American Journal Of Clinical Nutrition and the European Journal Of Clinical Nutrition back his claims.

He adds: "Fried eggs, however, contain every nutrient we need, except vitamin C." So Barry eats his eggs with liver to top up.

VODKA AND TONIC OR FRUIT JUICE: Make mine a vodka, says Barry— "A glass of orange juice has five times the amount of fructose in a single orange.

"Fructose, nature's sugar, has been shown to increase the risk of obesity, diabetes and cancer."

Vodka has just 55 calories per 25ml shot.

Trick And Treat: How Healthy Eating Is Making Us Ill, by Barry Groves, Hammersmith Press, £12.99. Available at hammersmithpress.co.uk from October 30.

Barry's diet
AUTHOR Barry Groves, 72, lives with his wife Monica, 70, near Oxford. He is 5ft 9in tall and 11st 1lb.

Lard lover ... trim Barry Groves
AVERAGE DAILY DIET: Breakfast – One large egg and a slice of liver, both fried in lard, washed down with a mug of cocoa (made with double cream); Lunch – Fatty pork chop, fried in lard, and a few greens topped with melted butter; Dinner – At 6pm a chunk of full-fat cheese and an apple and a mug of cocoa and cream; Treat – A vodka drink in the evening. He says:

Eating like this really fills you up, there's no need to snack. But I do daily exercise – I swim for 15-20 minutes and once a week practise archery. Oh, and there's the garden.

My wife and I have been eating like this for more than 40 years and I weigh less now than I did when I married in 1957 – I was 11 stone 10lb.

As newlyweds we both put on weight – I went up to 13½st. We tried lots of ways to shed it, from low-calorie diets to exercising, but nothing worked in the long term.

Then I met a doctor in Singapore who told me to eat more fat. I said, 'You've got to be kidding'.

But he wasn't and soon I was eating fried eggs, bacon, cream, meat – I was really living the life of Riley but it worked. I never touch grains – wheat or barley or rice. I don't eat much fruit and I avoid all things labelled low-fat.

My blood pressure is always good – at 115/62 (the British Heart Foundation says we should aim below 140/85).

My cholesterol measures 8.2mmol/l. BHF advice is that people who are at high risk of, or who already have, heart and circulatory disease should be aiming for a total of 4mmol/l.

But I believe it would be far more dangerous to have a cholesterol level under 7mmol/l than have it high. Research has linked low cholesterol levels to cancer and depression.

I think 'healthy eating' is a myth, designed to boost the food and health industries.

VICTORIA LAMBERT

Laura's diet
NANNY Laura Larsem, 39, lives in Streatham, South London. She is 5ft 2in and weighs 11st 1lb.

AVERAGE DAILY DIET: Breakfast – Special K with low-fat soya milk; Lunch – sandwich with low-fat margarine and low-fat ham, banana; Afternoon snack – pear; Dinner – big bowl of salad with low-fat dressing and a veggie burger. She says:

Fruit fanatic ... Laura Larsem
I don't know why I can't lose weight because I eat such a healthy diet. I love salad, fruit and vegetables and will always go for the low-fat option.

I don't even have milk in my tea – I drink it black with no sugar. And if I have a coffee it's with skimmed milk.

My partner is vegetarian, so for dinner we eat tofu, Quorn or soya mince, all very low in fat and calories.

And when I do eat meat it's always lean chicken or low-fat beef or ham. We only have desserts twice a week. I always choose the low-calorie versions – perhaps a mousse or yogurt.

I don't even drink much. I don't like wine and I'll have a beer about once a fortnight.

Looking after kids all day, I am often exhausted. I always feel tired in the afternoon and by 8pm I am knackered so then I go to bed early.

By the end of the week I'm shattered and I have at least one lie-in at the weekend, sleeping until 11am, to catch up on my sleep.

My weight started to creep up once I hit 30 and I've gone from just over nine stone to 11 stone. I've always eaten healthily but I'm particularly careful now.

I work as a nanny and I make a point of not picking too much at the children's food – I'll perhaps just eat a bit of their left-over vegetables or fruit.

I never touch chocolate, it gives me spots – if I want a sweet treat on a Saturday afternoon I'll have diet cola, which only has one calorie.

It seems unfair. I stick to all the diet rules but still have a battle with my weight.

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Фото Барри, который каждый день ест сало и мясо, пишет книги, статьи и не болеет (ему 72 года)
И фото Лоры, которая каждый день ест фрукты и неважно себя чувствует (38 лет)

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Kosmonavt написал(а):

I don't know why I can't lose weight because I eat such a healthy diet. I love salad, fruit and vegetables and will always go for the low-fat option.

Видимо потому что ее организм адаптировался к таком низкожировому питанию - организм начинает запасать жиры и экономить их расход... тем более если она так питается уже долгое время...

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